What is the pelvic floor and its function?

What is the pelvic floor and its function?
What is the pelvic floor and its function?

What is the pelvic floor is a common question we get as Women’s Health Physical Therapists.

The pelvic floor is a group of muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that form a supportive hammock-like structure at the base of the pelvis.

It serves several important functions in the body:

  1. Support for Organs: One of its primary functions is to support and hold in place various pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus (in females), and rectum. A strong and well-functioning pelvic floor helps prevent prolapse, where these organs can descend or bulge into the vaginal canal.
  2. Bladder and Bowel Control: The pelvic floor muscles play a crucial role in maintaining urinary and fecal continence. They help control the release of urine and stool and prevent incontinence (unintentional leakage).
  3. Sexual Function: These muscles are also involved in sexual function. They contribute to vaginal tone and can enhance sexual satisfaction for both partners.
  4. Core Stability: The pelvic floor is an integral part of the core musculature, working in coordination with the abdominal and back muscles to provide stability to the spine and pelvis. A strong pelvic floor contributes to overall core strength.
  5. Posture and Movement: These muscles are essential for maintaining proper posture and stability during various movements, such as walking, lifting, and standing.
  6. Childbirth: During childbirth, the pelvic floor muscles need to relax and stretch to allow the baby to pass through the birth canal. After childbirth, these muscles may require rehabilitation to regain strength and function.

It’s essential to maintain the health and function of the pelvic floor to prevent issues such as pelvic organ prolapse, urinary or fecal incontinence, and sexual dysfunction.

Exercises like Kegels, proper posture, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can all contribute to pelvic floor health. If you have concerns about your pelvic floor or experience symptoms related to it, consulting a healthcare provider or pelvic floor physical therapist is recommended for guidance and support.

Treatment options for pelvic floor therapy

Pelvic floor physical therapy is valuable for both men and women who experience pelvic floor issues, such as incontinence, pelvic pain, and sexual dysfunction. It can significantly improve quality of life and help individuals regain control and confidence in their pelvic health.

At PhysioFit of NC, we have the expert team in pelvic floor physical therapy to help you to the fullest.

We provide a comprehensive treatment approach through our Women’s Health Program.  This includes manual therapy and exercises to improve conditions related to the pelvic floor muscles.

Don’t hesitate to contact us today so we can help you!