Why do pelvic floor muscles get weak?

Why do pelvic floor muscles get weak?
Why do pelvic floor muscles get weak?

Why do pelvic floor muscles get weak is a common question we get as pelvic floor physical therapists.

Pelvic muscles can become weak for various reasons, and multiple factors can contribute to their weakening.

Some common reasons include:

  1. Pregnancy and Childbirth: Pregnancy places significant stress on the pelvic muscles, and the process of childbirth can stretch and weaken these muscles, particularly if there’s trauma or damage during delivery.
  2. Aging: As we age, our muscles tend to lose mass and tone, including the pelvic floor muscles. This natural aging process can result in weaker pelvic muscles.
  3. Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations, particularly those associated with menopause in women, can lead to changes in pelvic tissue and muscle tone.
  4. Obesity: Excess body weight can increase the pressure on the pelvic floor, leading to weakening of the muscles over time.
  5. Structural Abnormalities: Congenital or acquired structural abnormalities in the pelvic region can contribute to pelvic floor muscle issues.
  6. Inactivity: A sedentary lifestyle can lead to muscle atrophy, including the pelvic floor muscles.
  7. Inadequate Exercise or Poor Posture: Failing to exercise or maintain good posture can result in muscle imbalances and weakness, including in the pelvic floor.
  8. High-Impact Activities: Repetitive high-impact activities like running or heavy lifting can stress the pelvic floor muscles and contribute to their weakening.

More reasons why pelvic floor muscles get weak

  1. Chronic Constipation: Straining during bowel movements due to chronic constipation can place strain on the pelvic muscles, potentially leading to weakness.
  2. Chronic Coughing: Conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can cause frequent coughing, which can strain the pelvic floor muscles.
  3. Chronic Pelvic Inflammation: Inflammatory conditions, infections, or injuries can lead to chronic pelvic floor dysfunction and weakness.
  4. Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to pelvic floor muscle weakness.
  5. Pelvic Surgery: Surgical procedures in the pelvic area, such as a hysterectomy, can affect the integrity of the pelvic floor muscles.

It’s important to note that pelvic floor weakness can affect both men and women and may manifest as various symptoms, including urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, pelvic pain, and sexual dysfunction.

If you suspect that you have weak pelvic muscles or are experiencing related symptoms, consulting a pelvic floor physical therapist, can help you determine the underlying causes and develop a personalized treatment plan to address them.

Treatment options for pelvic floor therapy

Pelvic floor physical therapy is valuable for both men and women who experience pelvic floor issues, such as incontinence, pelvic pain, and sexual dysfunction. It can significantly improve quality of life and help individuals regain control and confidence in their pelvic health.

At PhysioFit of NC, we have the expert team in pelvic floor physical therapy to help you to the fullest.

We provide a comprehensive treatment approach through our Women’s Health Program.  This includes manual therapy and exercises to improve conditions related to the pelvic floor muscles.

Don’t hesitate to contact us today so we can help you!